Car Rental Coupons

Rental cars have become quite popular during the current economic slowdown. People who plan to buy a used car or even a brand new car is getting attracted to different car rental agencies because of the tough competition, cheap prices and unbelievable options car rental companies offer. Several car rental agencies offer car rentals coupons throughout the year for various reasons. Some of the agencies want to promote their business during off season while some other agencies offer car rentals coupons so that their service will be cheaper than that of their competitor who offers similar services.

Once you finalize a rental company suiting well to your needs, you can check on their official website for ongoing discounts and rental coupons. These coupons come with different offers. Some of the coupons offer a discount on rate from 10-50% while some others add 1-5 extra days to your booking period without extra cost. It is up to you to choose the right type of discount. If you plan to rent for long term, a discount on the rental price will be the right choice for you. If you plan a trip for 7 days and find a coupon offering ‘book for 5 days and get 3 extra days free’ will be the right choice for you.

There are several websites that compare different car rental services and their rates. These websites also highlight the ongoing discounts and coupons available. Such comparison websites are a good choice to know what is going on in the neighborhood but always watch out for scam. Try to rent your car from a reputed car rental agency but also check for any hidden costs. Then check for car rental coupons offered by such reputed agencies.

Some coupons also provide free insurance coverage for a selected number of days and some additional accessories like GPS or child seat for free of cost. Such promotional offers may or may not be useful for you. For example, if you are planning to travel somewhere you are not very familiar, a coupon offering free GPS navigation system can be a great choice for you because you hardly will ‘get lost’ somewhere. Similarly a free child seat is good for you only if you are travelling with a child. Car rental companies design their coupons targeting different customers and their various tastes.

If you are planning to rent a car for your vacation trip or for your everyday requirements, check with different agencies for their specialized coupons. Don’t assume that you will not get a discount coupon because its holiday season. There are several service providers and several offers throughout the year and you will not find the best for yourself without constantly checking for them. Websites such as carrentalmomma.com and rentalcarscode.com have coupons throughout the year with a wide array of offers. Even Google is a great place to find information on best deals available.

Rhino Off-Road To Produce Rough Terrain Vehicle

The Rhino Outdoor International, Inc. (ROI), a leading outdoor activity based business, including Rhino Off-Road Industries, Inc., its entirely owned subsidiary, earlier announced that the company has formed a strategic alliance with the Arizona Emergency Products (AEP), a famous provider of emergency equipment to government agencies.

The alliance is aimed at designing and producing a specialized Rhino Off-Road Industries RTV to meet the unique needs of first response and search and rescue groups. The “Rapid Response” Rough Terrain Vehicle (RTV) is inspired by the innovative Rhino Off-Road Industries RTV design platform, which is now being produced for both the competitive and recreational off-road marketplace.

In producing the RTV, refinements were entertained to enhance the capabilities of the vehicle for the first response activities in rugged off-road terrains that are inaccessible at present to most vehicles. The main design considerations include increasing the wheelbase to accommodate extra passengers and equipment.

Other considerations include expanding the battery capacity so as to support communications and lighting, creating space to allow for emergency equipment accessories like tool boxes, winches, medical equipment and poly-tanks for fire retardants. These retardants can be refilled by a helicopter.

The AEP is known in the manufacture of vehicles for law enforcement, Homeland Security, fire departments and search and rescue organizations. “The Rhino Off-Road RTV is unlike any other vehicle now in use by the emergency response industry,” said Mike Chamberlain, the owner of Arizona Emergency Products. “It’s designed to go anywhere – and when outfitted to meet the needs of firefighters, police, border patrol, and others – it will allow for rapid response access to areas previously only accessible by horse, foot or helicopter.”

In the past couple of months, the AEP has field-tested the Rhino Off-Road RTV with its customers. This is done to get feedback from them. “Without exception, the response has been very positive”, continued Chamberlain, “everyone who has seen the RTV in action has requested a follow-up demonstration of the prototype and is interested in placing an order.”

ROI and AEP are sharing the cost of development for the prototype version of the RTV. The final design of the RTV is expected to be completed in a matter of 90 days. ROI will be the one to deliver the vehicle. AEP, on the other hand, will install the necessary accessories to meet the needs of emergency response groups. The vehicle will also be given a simple manual which could be likened to Nissan repair manuals.

“Mike Chamberlain and AEP have brought a tremendous amount of expertise to the design table,” said Howard Pearl, the CEO and the President of ROI. “We created the RTV to go just about anywhere. The fundamental design platform is ideal for first responders needing access to backcountry and off-road terrains.”

He added, “The strategic alliance with AEP allows us to learn directly from professionals in emergency response who use this vehicle in search and rescue and rapid response situations. ROI and AEP are creating a specialized RTV that will carry emergency personnel and equipment to and from the most remote locations. This is a fantastic application for the RTV and is a growing, untapped market. You can’t imagine how excited we are to be making a contribution in this important market space – this is the type of opportunity for growth we are constantly seeking.”

Kids Waterproof Splashsuits – The Essential Travel Garment For Your Young Child

Most adults would simply prefer to stay indoors when it is raining. Nobody wants to get soaking wet. However, kids really enjoy playing in the rain and splashing in puddles. They are thrilled when it is necessary to go out in the rain. Of course their parents do not really enjoy dealing with the results. The kids will get soaking wet and dirty from all the water. Choosing the right waterproof clothing for your child can really help prevent your child from getting too wet and catching a chill.

There are a number of different types of kits waterproof clothing available, so you can choose the one that is most suitable for your child. One option that many people don’t think about which is particularly good for very young children is the splashsuit. When it comes to kids waterproof clothing, the splashsuit is the most likely to keep your child dry. This is because it is a one piece outfit that has a hood and straps to go under your child’s feet. Add a pair of rain boots and your child will be covered from head to foot. Young children have difficulty holding an umbrella, and will want to splash in puddles so this is a great solution for them.

Kids waterproof clothing for slightly older kids can be chosen to suit their interests and their behavior. Those who still refuse to stay out of the puddles can wear splashsuits, while those who are better behaved can choose a combination of a raincoat or poncho with a matching umbrella and rain boots. This will keep them mostly dry and let them have a few more options when it comes to the design of their rain gear. Another option is to get separate dungarees and jackets so that they will still be fully covered when they are out in the rain.

Raincoats are available with designs including dinosaurs, bugs, firemen, pirates, sail boats, alligators, ladybugs, bees, frogs, butterflies, flowers, ducks, watermelons, strawberries, fairies, and more. Many of these coats have hoods, so an umbrella is not necessary, although kids tend to like to carry them once they reach a certain age. These are great for preschoolers and those who are just starting school. They will be more likely to actually want to wear their waterproof clothing if it is in a design that they really love.

For those older kids that view kids waterproof clothing with designs as being a bit childish, there is rain gear available in solid colors, or combinations of solid colors, such as red and gray or blue and gray, that look a bit more adult and might appeal to older kids a bit more.

Some of the options that are currently available for kids waterproof clothing are made so that they are easily packable for when you want to go on a trip, or just to have available in your bag should it start to rain unexpectedly. Some brands now manufacture very lightweight packable splashsuits and jackets which are ideal for taking on holiday as they take up so little room in the suitcase.

E-cigarette Cannot Assist You To Quit Smoking

The most recent craze for individuals attempting to stop smoking ecigarette(cigarros electronicos) or cigarette(cigarette ). Apparently, the evening, the emerged like a viable solution, most probably to prevent smoking, and appropriately so: the ecigarette(cigarro electronico) isn’t a cigarette(cigarro), just calm your nicotine craving. So it’s actually a wise decision?
The ecigarette(cigarro electronico) is identical category as the nicotine patch and gum: nicotine alternative therapy. Within the same spirit, has got the problem much like other techniques of nicotine alternative therapy: it is simply an area of his need to quit.
When I attempted to stop, I attempted nearly every trick within the book. Not one of them labored, and permanently reason: after i came, I returned to smoking. I never sitting around and stated, “Wow, I possibly could go among the nicotine patch now!

Obviously, the reply to this really is to keep ample way to obtain that which you use alternative at hands. But what goes on when you are in the bar or with buddies? Of people who smoke, you are not really the one who turns for their e-cigarette(elektronines cigaretes) and requires a couple of drags, all high and mighty of all of the other people who smoke. It simply doesn’t make sense at all.

Cartridges are available in a wide variety of tastes and strengths of nicotine. For regular, menthol, also the apple and strawberry flavor cartridges and nicotine strengths come in full, a medium, light, and no. While electronic cigarettes(elektroniskas cigaretes) are technically “alternative to smoking”, rather than smoking cessation device, the range of nicotine strengths offers clear opportunities to support those trying to quit smoking, and seems to be proving to be popular in these markets.

The nice thing about electronic cigarettes that you say, nicotine patches, electronic cigarettes that give the same tactile sensation and oral fixation that the desire of smokers, while satisfying the desires of snuff as well. When you take a drag n electronic cigarette really feel your lungs fill with smoke flavored snuff warm and the waves of smoke exhaled from your lungs as the regular snuff, however, as mentioned, the smoke is actually a lot more water vapor that evaporates quickly heals and not offend anyone in the vicinity.

There’s really only one method to quit smoking: Will. Lots of people state that cold poultry may be the toughest method to stop smoking, with valid reason: they’re going on all the wrong manner. If guess what happens you need to do, and stomp your desire to have cigarettes, before you begin, you’ll have the ability to maintain and not think back!

Need to know much more about giving up smoking with the first? Take a look at a few of these books to prevent smoking and find out how easy it may be really quit!

E Cigaret – Benefits And Controversies

After the discussion of e cigaret, there have been discussions throughout the world out of which majority concentrated on security of the cigarette. An elektronisk cigaret is into existence for several years and has been a good alternative to smoking conventional cigarettes. Not only is this but also an el cigaret helps smokers to lessen smoking.

Benefits of an ego cigaret:

An e cigaretter finds number of benefits associated with the electronic cigarettes, which are enumerated as under:

• Similar taste of conventional cigarettes: Electronic cigarettes contain similar tobacco taste but are free of other harmful substances being found in the conventional cigarettes. Electronic cigarettes allow smokers to remain satisfied without breathing in harmful toxins.

• User friendly: Fourth generation of an ego cigaret has become much user friendly than that of the initial versions that had been larger in size and could not encourage the mass.

• Creating smoke as vapor: An atomizer, a battery as well as an inexhaustible nicotine chamber allowing smokers to smoke, even create vapor and burn at end just like other traditional cigarettes.

• Reduced quantity of nicotine: Nicotine chamber in an elektronisk cigaret proves fruitful for smokers since the cartridges are being found in varied strengths, which permit users to lessen intaking, the quantity of nicotine.

• Saves on expenditure: Nicotine cartridges contain nearly 15 – 20 cigarettes that can be huge savings on your expenditure. Low, medium, standard or no nicotine contains different cartridge strengths.

• Environmental friendly: Smoking an e cigaret seems to be a healthier alternative to the conventional cigarettes as it is legalized to smoke in public places. For an instance: An e cigaretter needs to come out of public places such as pubs, restaurants, multiplex etc for smoking. However being eco-friendly, electronic cigarettes are being authorized to be used anywhere.

• Reusable: Smokers can make use of the electronic cigarettes, which means that only lesser quantity of vapor is required to be filled for every use.

• No smoke: One of the best things about an elektronisk cigaret is that it never produces smoke and are lesser risky to non-smokers and air quality. Owing to this reason, an ego cigaret is also referred to as smokeless cigarette.

Things to consider:

While there are so many benefits associated with an elektronisk cigaret, there are certain things that need to be considered prior to making the purchase. There are numerous groups pointing out the adverse effects of an ego cigaret. It came as a warning that children might get attracted towards the item given to its originality and alternative for varied flavorings. This is due to the fact that though most of the electronic cigarettes resemble conventional cigarettes yet others seem as USB sticks or pens.

There is not enough data stating the quantity of nicotine being used by a smoker and if it has severe effects. An e cigaret is much safer than conventional cigarettes, but it does not qualify them as extreme inhalation can leave dangerous effects on the body of smokers. Therefore, it is recommended to read the reviews clearly before purchasing the product.

What's the Most Practical Way to prevent Smoking

An issue that many people who smoke who’re thinking about giving up smoking request is “What’s the most practical way to prevent smoking?” You will find huge numbers of people who wish to quit smoking. The issues that smoking may cause are very well known, but people aren’t able to quit due to the highly addictive character of nicotine, that is in tobacco. Common stop smoking helps which replace the nicotine without smoking, include gum, lozenges, and patches. These helps that are known to as ” Nicotine Alternative Therapy Items” do help fulfill the longing for nicotine.

The issue for a lot of is, elektroniskas cigaretes smoking is definitely an overall “experience”. It is not only the nicotine. People who smoke like the feeling of raising a Electronic cigarette (cigarro electronico) for their mouth and breathing in and breathing out the smoke. The action of smoking will get associated with a enjoyable experience like getting a smoke with a decent mug of coffee, or following a good meal. The “experience” together with the nicotine, make smoking Electronic cigarettes (cigarros electronicos) an very difficult habit to interrupt.

There’s a reasonably cool product available on the market that’s attaining in recognition. It’s known as an e-cigarette and i believe it can make lots of sense as a means to quit smoking. The e-cigarette (cigarro) is really a battery powered cigarette that provides people who smoke the sensation of smoking a normal Elektronisk cigaret (sigaretta elettronica) without all of the dangerous harmful toxins. The ecigarette feels and looks much like a normal cigarette. It features a chamber that turns pure liquid nicotine right into a puff of vapor giving the feeling of smoking a normal cigarette, without all of the chemicals which are contained in regular tobacco smoke.

People who smoke obtain the nicotine and also the smoking “experience” without all of the health problems of smoking cigarettes.
Electric Cigarettes contain nicotine tubes that are interchangeable and obtainable in different talents. This enables someone to progressively reduce the quantity of nicotine they consume by switching to tubes with less nicotine content. The price of electric cigarettes is a smaller amount than regular tobacco items.

Although electric cigarettes tend to be more healthy than tobacco, nicotine is extremely addictive. If you are not really a smoker, I certainly wouldn’t start. If you are a grownup who already smokes and you are searching for a method to lessen the amount, or quit, I would suggest considering e- cigarettes.

Bathroom Remodeling Idea Makes Bathroom Repairs Easier

Bathroom repair is easier with access panels

Soon after I had remodeled my small bathroom it developed a water leak. The first thing I knew about it was a puddle on the floor of the room below. A water pipe was leaking and it was buried in one of the bathroom walls which not only made it difficult to find out where the leak was but a lot of ceramic tiles had to be destroyed to get at it.

When I asked my bathroom contractors why they didn’t make it easier to get at the new pipe work they said that it would have made my quotation too expensive so they just buried the pipes and hoped that they don’t give any trouble. It was just my luck then that my bathroom was the one where they made lousy joints. The bathroom repair turned out to be far more costly than it would have been to make all the pipes accessible in the first place and I wish now that I’d had the foresight to put that in the specifications.

Where to put access panels

The obvious solution to the bathroom repair problem is to provide access panels for all of the pipe work joints and as much of the pipe length as possible. When you specify what you want in your bathroom remodel make sure that you will be able to get at every joint easily.

Where the water pipes are installed in a separating wall it’s often convenient to provide access on the other side of the wall rather than inside the bathroom where the ceramic tiles are. You may even be able to turn the access into a small cupboard, which would give you an added benefit. Opening the cupboard doors would provide simple access to the water pipes.

Pipe work under bathtub and under floor can be made accessible by removable panels. Make sure that the floor covering allows for this and a suitable sealer is used to fill any gaps when the access is closed.

If the access panel has to go on the bathroom side of the wall then special attention to waterproofing will be required.

How to make access panels in ceramic tiles

To accommodate a radiator in my bathroom remodel the contractors built a false wall to hide the pipe work. This wall was then set with ceramic tiles and the radiator mounted in front of the tiles. This pipe work has not leaked but I do wonder what I would do if it ever did.

Tiling a small part of the false wall separately on a removable section could have provided an access panel. This would then be screwed firmly to the main part of the wall and the edges sealed with a silicon-sealing compound. The screws would pass through the tiles so silicon sealer would be used to seal the screw heads and holes in the tiles. When the need arose the sealer could be stripped away and the panel unscrewed. Resealing when the problem was fixed would be just as easy.

For more bathroom remodeling tips take a look at this article on setting bathroom tiles:
Setting Ceramic Tile Made Easy

Age Appropriate and Attractive Ideas For Aging Gracefully

Maturity is a badge of honor to be respected with good taste. There simply comes a time when all the extra bling and fabulousness of fashion, hair and makeup is best toned down. When you were a younger Alluring, Innovative or Dramatic woman, those items of “look at me, I’m au currant” stood for something. Status, hipness, a woman in the moment who’s up on the trend. But wisdom carries with it a confidence and sophistication that allows you to do less and achieve more. A maturing face and figure carries a patina of wisdom. A statement in and of itself, it doesn’t require bright lips, over the top earrings or a crazy hip belt to bring it forward. It stands there, gently making its own beautiful statement. Less is simply more as we age. To accentuate your second act best:

o    Avoid drawing attention to your mouth with bright or dark lips.
o    Avoid drawing attention to aging eyelids with frosted shadow.
o    Avoid drawing attention to aging hands with bright nail polish and/or a multitude of attention-grabbing rings.
o    Draw the eye to your face with neckline interest and earrings.
o    When in doubt leave it out.

The Importance of Being Current 

Keeping current is undoubtedly a constant and not inexpensive challenge. With all the technology with which we are bombarded, however, we still have the old standby; the monthly magazine. Magazine subscriptions are one of the most effective ways of getting information you can absorb on your downtime. The whole experience of sitting down with and perusing a magazine that inspires is a ritual that endures. Magazines are the great equalizer. No matter where you live in the country you have the same access to fashion, fitness and beauty that the most upscale, in-the-know New York socialite has, because she gets her “W” magazine the same time you do. When “O” comes out, you’re right there with all of Oprah’s associates on the hottest, latest and most suitable fashion, food, fun and inspiration you need that month. You just go to your mailbox, Oprah is waiting for you, and it’s your turn to dream. 

What Were We Thinking?

We’ve all done it. Looked back at those embarrassing fashion photos and wondered, “What was I thinking?” I look back at my pinstriped jeans, permed hair and parachute pants and think “Hmmmm.” The more extreme trend, the more risk of later embarrassment. We may forgive the young. But it’s not so easy to forgive a second actor in a leather mini.

A woman in Act Two need never wear:

1.     A micro mini
2.     Combat boots with formal wear
3.     White hose
4.     Frosted eye shadow
5.     Chunky platforms
6.     Dark brown lipstick
7.     Butterfly barrettes
8.     Extreme low-rise jeans
9.     Visible underwear
10.   A spiral perm

What’s Age Appropriate Now?

In our Second Act it becomes difficult to find the balance between matronly and modern. Looking current and youthful should not translate into “mutton dressed as lamb.” I met a woman recently whose long, blonde, permed hair was pulled up on one side and suspended with a comb. For height she created gravity defying bangs with a curling iron and “Spritz Forte.” She wore a fitted navy knit tank, tight tapered pale denim jeans and a crocheted sparkly baby blue shawl tied around her hips. She was 48. 

I liked her and enjoyed hearing her tales of woe in raising teenagers. But as I listened I was continually distracted by her image. It just wasn’t working in her favor. The reason it didn’t work was because it was expressing only a part of this woman. I obviously knew who she had been, but as she talked, the more interesting experienced and attractive parts were hidden behind a façade of fear of aging. Yes, she was attractive and sexy but she was also a 48-year-old single mother of teenagers who had quite a bit of sun damage, an advancing derriere, tan lines across her back and thinning hair. The look did not make her look younger; it made her look vulnerable and insecure. Our image must reflect who we’ve become, not who we were. That is age appropriate. 

Riding, Running and Rebounding For Health and Fitness

What do horseback riding, cycling and running all have in common? Simple! They all require a strong, lifted core to execute and maximize the exercise. That means that rely on the use of the abdominal center, erectors of the back and spine, tuck of the butt and lift of the lower back to maneuver and they also require/benefit from open, lifted and proud shoulders.

It also should come as no surprise that the cross-training benefits of yoga and pilates, in building core strength, re-aligning musculature and developing mind-body connections are transferable to these exercise disciplines. What might surprise and delight is the use of a rebound exercise tool, the Kangoo Jumps, as a recommended resource for the devotee of riding, cycling and running to maximize cardiovascular training and effectiveness.

A young woman wrote to me recently, looking for a way and a recommendation as to how she could put less stress on her body (knees, joints, ankles, hips) while gaining aerobic and cardiovascular conditioning. A lover of Pilates and equestrian sports judge by profession, she wanted a way to maximize her fitness programming, increase her cardiovascular fitness training while preventing injury to her body. She didn’t want to run anymore because of the stress and strain it caused to her knees. I knew her connectedness to nature, the outdoors and the feeling of control through movement was tantamount to finding success for her training. While I don’t ride horses, I do understood the desire to avoid the body breakdown caused by of running. Torn, as she was, as I find it to have the closest connection one can duplicate to the experience of riding in the open, free space and having a connected feeling to the elements.

I understood the need to avoid the body breakdown as it was my personal pursuit a few month earlier. As an exceptionally active person, the older I got, the more pounding, I experienced on my knees, heels and hip joints and less and less I enjoyed running 3 miles, 2x week to keep my weight in check. As a result, last spring, I bought a pair of Kangoo Jumps and totally eliminated the pain (and recovery) in each and everyone one of my workouts. For that reason, I recommended the same option to her.

The shoes are based on rebound exercise and are a low impact rebound sport shoe designed to provide a safe platform for jogging and other exercises that are hard on the joints. The boots use a lightweight spring to absorb the shocks due to impact on the ground and create a rebound effect that reduces shock impact on ankles, knees, hips and lower back. They are Swiss designed for joggers, however, they also provide benefits for athletic strengthening and conditioning, rehabilitation and injury prevention and group aerobics. The unique “floating above the ground” sensation created by Kangoo Jumps has to be experienced to be understood.

Core balance and control are two other variables (and benefits) of using the shoes for training.

Quality vs Quantity

Kangoo Jumps deliver the benefit of 50-minutes exercise in only 20 minutes and the injury prevention potential has already caught the attention of several elite football teams. The boots can be used indoors or outdoors on paved roads, dirt paths and grass as well as at the beach or on snow. N.A.S.A. has found rebound exercise to be the best form of exercise for astronauts because it restores bone and muscle mass lost during time spent in outer space. Consequently Kangoo Jumps are recommended for people suffering osteoporosis, with the “slow-motion” steps and exercises of Kangoo Aerobics make it suitable for middle aged and senior people.

Other Cardiovascular Options

The other option I recommended, and one I personally use during the warm weather months, to avoid joint pain, is a road bike. A road bike and a trail can make a world of difference in clearing your head while building cardiovascular strength. Climbing hills with a bike will give anyone keen cardiovascular training.

As a Pilates and equestrian sports devotee, my friend already understood the reliance on core strength and easily made the connection that these two disciplines were good cross-training modalities to support the prevention and overuse of muscle and back pain; typical injuries and imbalances caused by cycling.

Easy Online Payday Loan Without Teletrak

These days, you can now obtain easy payday loans online without any Teletrak. This is because such loans do not require any credit checks that expose your credit history. Most banks and other financial institutions that offer different loan types utilize Teletrak to scan your credit history and flag any points that require further checks. However, this is absent during processing of payday loans. This is the major reason why people with bad credit histories are not exempted from these loans.

To give a little background on Teletrak; it is a financial institution that was established in 1989 with the sole aim of compiling the credit information of citizens and providing it to clients who need it for background check purposes. Banks and other loan lenders are the biggest clients of Teletrak and it is widely used across the United States. Information supplied by this service includes general credit history, bankruptcy, outstanding loan repayments and loan default among others.

Though, some payday loan companies use Teletrak for high amounts, you can always find a lender who will give you a cash advance without having to use Teletrak. Usually, having a steady job and a valid bank account with traceable transactions from your employer would be enough for them to give you a cash advance. Though, you address and some other information might be verified to ensure that you are really whom you claim to be. So, with a full time employment, valid account and traceable accommodation, you stand a good chance of getting a payday loan.

How to Apply
To apply for easy online payday loans without Teletrak, just go online and take a look at the different options available from several lenders. This will help you to get the best deal available for your needs. Fill out the application form, but be sure to read the applicable terms and conditions before submitting you application. Understand the repayment terms, interest rates and penalties for default, if any.

Be sure to fill out all the requested details correctly without any discrepancies as this can disqualify your application. Major details required would include your name, employer, bank account, residential address, phone numbers, driver’s license, social security number. If approved, you can get a direct deposit into your bank account with hours.

Speedy Approval
One great advantage with easy online payday loans apart from protection from Teletrak is the speedy approval process associated with it. Most times, you can get loans within a day and also processing takes place outside regular business hours, that is Friday evenings and weekends.